Manufacturing is China's pillar industry. China is becoming a global manufacturing center.
Applying advanced information technology to the manufacturing industry and enhancing the international competitiveness of China's manufacturing industry will effectively promote China's transformation from a "manufacturing power" to a "manufacturing power" and promote a sound and rapid development of the national economy. In recent years, the scale of investment in China's manufacturing industry in information technology construction has maintained an average annual growth rate of 17%. The construction of information technology has evolved from blind projects to selecting solutions that suits them according to the characteristics of the company.
However, compared with industrial developed countries, there is still a big gap in the level of informationization of manufacturing enterprises in China. Taking the Enterprise Resource Planning and Management System (ERP) as an example, as of the end of 2003, only 21% of the total number of state-owned large enterprises that have built or are building ERP projects. According to investigations by relevant agencies, more than 91% of large and medium-sized enterprises with annual incomes of more than US$100 million in the UK have been informatized.
As the vanguard of manufacturing informationization, ERP plays an important role in the overall informationization pattern with its helm role in key manufacturing links. After more than 20 years of development, although China's ERP industry has matured initially, there are still problems such as insufficient professionalization and insufficient enterprise awareness.
To promote the development of manufacturing ERP, industry experts believe that "two-pronged approach": on the one hand to strengthen the ERP market segmentation, improve the manufacturing ERP software design level; on the other hand, to increase the typical propaganda, expand ERP in the manufacturing industry application. China's ERP market started in the 1980s and experienced a short period of prosperity. As a result, there was no development of soil and the pace slowed down. In the late 1990s, with the popularization of personal computers and the improvement of information technology, the ERP market ushered in the "second spring."
According to the survey report, the scale of China's manufacturing ERP software market in 2006 was 3.48 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2237%, accounting for more than half of the enterprise management software market in the same period. For the ERP industry, the manufacturing industry undoubtedly has huge market potential and can be a source of power for the rapid development of the ERP industry. But the truth is: on the one hand,
ERP is generally generalized, and there are very few manufacturers that can provide high-quality services in the industry. On the other hand, ERP manufacturers are blindly pursuing large-scale development, abandoning market demand and turning to “big and complete” product development. The product is not targeted and the software is not efficient.
"ERP is indispensable, but not omnipotent." Industry experts say that the huge differences in management models of different enterprises must fully consider their own industry characteristics and characteristics, so that they can effectively use the system to achieve twice the result with half the effort.
Some traditional large-scale manufacturing enterprises are mainly vertically integrated, and have established a strict division of labor throughout the enterprise group and established an internal supply chain, such as FAW. In some areas with developed private economy, such as Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and other places, horizontal integration has been established, forming an external supply chain, such as the aluminum profile supply chain in Guangdong Nanhai, Chongqing's motorcycle supply chain and Zhejiang Yongkang. The hardware supply chain and so on. Different enterprises have different production management methods, product characteristics, marketing models, and procurement methods, which form different management modes. Therefore, it is impossible to adapt to all enterprises with one type of management software.
Due to the numerous management links in the manufacturing industry, the differences between enterprises are huge, and the selection, customization and information integration of information application software are critical. Each application should have a different market positioning to suit different types, sizes, production and management models. "With the current strength of China's software industry, it is very difficult to design a comprehensive set of products. Enterprises should concentrate on making their ERP products refined, specialized, and strong." Industry experts said.
Although the domestic manufacturing informationization has developed to a certain stage, there is still a big gap compared with the world advanced countries. How to choose the platform that suits you and how to wear more suitable “shoes” for your own business system has become a key factor for the company's growth.
During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other ministries and commissions jointly established a manufacturing informationization coordination leading group to jointly promote manufacturing informationization. The Ministry of Information Industry pointed out in the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan for the Development of Information Industry Technology and the Medium- and Long-Term Plan for 2020": "The development of information industry science and technology must implement the strategic decision of "informatization to promote industrialization and industrialization to promote informationization". Make full use of information technology to transform and optimize traditional industries and promote industrial upgrading."
Along with the global promotion of management innovation trend with information technology, the development of manufacturing information technology should foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses and provide more help for the economic development of enterprises.